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2020-04-19由程序员日记发表于数据库教程 浏览10次

目录

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一、概述

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redis主从:是备份关系, 操作主库,数据也会同步到从库。 如果主库机器坏了,从库可以上。
redis哨兵:哨兵保证的是HA,保证特殊情况故障自动切换,哨兵监控“redis主从集群”,如果主库down,会自动找新的master。实际使用sentinel哨兵模式时,可结合Keepalived使用,保证down的redis可以自动重启,提高高可用性。
redis集群:集群保证的是高并发,同时集群会导致数据的分散,整个redis集群会分成一堆数据槽,即不同的key会放到不不同的槽中。

主从保证了数据备份,哨兵保证了HA 即故障时切换,集群保证了高并发性。

二、Redis主从同步

2.1、配置信息

redis主从同步重要参数(redis.conf)

# slaveof <masterip> <masterport>
# masterauth <master-password>
# requirepass foobared

Master关键配置信息redis.conf

masterauth 123456
requirepass 123456

Slave关键配置信息(redis.conf)

slaveof 192.168.1.100 6379
masterauth 123456
requirepass 123456

redis.conf其他常用配置

bind 0.0.0.0
protected-mode no #关闭保护,允许非本地连接
port 6379 #端口号
daemonize yes #后台运行
pidfile /var/run/redis_6379.pid #进程守护文件
logfile /var/log/redis_6379.log #日志文件
dir /var/lib/redis/6379 #db等相关目录位置
appendonly no #AOF模式持久化,默认未打开

2.2、检查状态

[[email protected] redis]# /usr/local/bin/redis-cli -h 192.168.1.100 -p 6379
192.168.1.100:6379> auth 123456
OK
192.168.1.100:6379> info replication
# Replication
role:master
connected_slaves:2
slave0:ip=192.168.1.101,port=6379,state=online,offset=560,lag=0
slave1:ip=192.168.1.102,port=6379,state=online,offset=560,lag=0
master_replid:658f07a291f7e58100e1650bd920f8bcef3e3083
master_replid2:0000000000000000000000000000000000000000
master_repl_offset:560
second_repl_offset:-1
repl_backlog_active:1
repl_backlog_size:1048576
repl_backlog_first_byte_offset:1
repl_backlog_histlen:560

2.3、验证主从

#验证Master 写和读
[[email protected] redis]# /usr/local/bin/redis-cli -h 192.168.1.100 -p 6379
192.168.1.100:6379> auth 123456
192.168.1.100:6379> set projectCode 1001
OK
192.168.1.100:6379> get projectCode
"1001"

#验证Slave 写和读
[[email protected] redis]# /usr/local/bin/redis-cli -h 192.168.1.101 -p 6379
192.168.1.101:6379> auth 123456
OK
192.168.1.101:6379> get projectCode
"1001"
192.168.1.101:6379> set projectCode 1002
(error) READONLY You can't write against a read only slave.

三、哨兵模式

3.1、配置信息

redis哨兵模式重要参数(sentinel.conf)

# sentinel monitor <master-name> <ip> <redis-port> <quorum>
# sentinel auth-pass <master-name> <password>
# sentinel down-after-milliseconds <master-name> <milliseconds>

关键配置信息sentinel.conf

sentinel monitor mymaster 192.168.1.100 6379 2
sentinel auth-pass mymaster 123456

sentinel.conf其他配置

bind 0.0.0.0
protected-mode no
port 26379
daemonize yes
# sentinel down-after-milliseconds mymaster 30000

启动sentinel

/usr/local/bin/redis-sentinel ./sentinel.conf
或者
/usr/local/bin/redis-server ./sentinel.conf --sentinel

3.2、检查状态

[[email protected] redis]# /usr/local/bin/redis-cli -h 192.168.1.100 -p 26379
192.168.1.100:26379> info sentinel
# Sentinel
sentinel_masters:1
sentinel_tilt:0
sentinel_running_scripts:0
sentinel_scripts_queue_length:0
sentinel_simulate_failure_flags:0
master0:name=mymaster,status=ok,address=192.168.1.100:6379,slaves=2,sentinels=3

3.3、验证故障转移

#停止master实例
[[email protected] redis]# /usr/local/bin/redis-cli -h 192.168.1.100 -p 6379 -a 123456 shutdown

#再次检查sentinel状态
[[email protected] redis]# /usr/local/bin/redis-cli -h 192.168.1.100 -p 26379
192.168.1.100:26379> info sentinel
# Sentinel
sentinel_masters:1
sentinel_tilt:0
sentinel_running_scripts:0
sentinel_scripts_queue_length:0
sentinel_simulate_failure_flags:0
master0:name=mymaster,status=ok,address=192.168.1.102:6379,slaves=2,sentinels=3
192.168.1.100:26379> 11886:X 19 Apr 18:00:21.912 # +sdown slave 192.168.1.100:6379 192.168.1.100 6379 @ mymaster 192.168.1.102 6379



# 其他检查命令
192.168.1.100:26379> sentinel get-master-addr-by-name mymaster
1) "192.168.1.102"
2) "6379"

192.168.1.100:26379> sentinel slaves mymaster
192.168.1.100:26379> sentinel masters

四、集群模式

梳理Redis集群模式时,发现2018年初工作上有整理过,躺在草稿箱了,干脆直接发布,这里就不在整理,详见:

Redis维护笔记 https://www.cnblogs.com/huligong1234/p/8457102.html

五、相关参考